Climate change in Canada: what we must do
The chart below gives the principal climate policies of the main federal parties. Canada’s prairies are experiencing severe droughts, much of our forests are burning and Arctic ice is melting. UN scientists say serious climate change is happening now, and we must take these actions.
- We must reduce carbon emissions by at least 45% by 2030 to avoid much more serious consequences. Canada’s emissions increased 20% since 1990; all other G7 developed countries have reduced emissions except for the USA with a 3% increase.
- Economists agree that a strong carbon tax is the best way economically to get reductions. Sweden’s is now $177/tonne.
- More Canadians die every year from fossil-fuel combustion than died from covid-19 in 2020.”
|Reduction in emissions below 2005 by 2030. See (a)||40 to 45%||30%||More than 50%||60%|
|Increase in carbon tax, per tonne of CO2, from its current $30/tonne. See (b)||To $170 by 2030||To $50 by 2030||To $170 by 2030||To $255 by 2030 (+$25/yr)|
|% of light-duty vehicles to be zero emissions. See (c)||50% by 2030||30% by 2030||100% by 2035||100% by 2030|
|Output-based pricing system: Carbon tax is not paid by a heavy industry until its emissions exceed this percentage of the industry average.||80, 90 or 95%||Tied to carbon prices in UK and USA. (A bad idea, see * below)||70%||No industrial emitters exempted from carbon tax.|
|Develop small nuclear reactors, taking about 10 years.||Yes||Yes||No. Depend on renewable energy & energy storage||No new nuclear. All electricity from renewables by 2030|
|Invest heavily in carbon capture and storage? CCS is still under development.||Yes||Yes||Not discussed||Renewables higher priority than CCS.|
|Support a transition to low-carbon economy, with more employment. See(c)||Discuss with provinces, business, on best approach. $ incentives for home energy retrofits.||Provide financial incentives to get more people working. No emphasis on “low-carbon jobs”.||$ for worker retraining, more clean energy, energy efficiency such as building retrofits.||$ for retraining of fossil-fuel workers, more clean energy & building energy-retrofits|
Main reference and fact-checking:
Prepared by For Our Grandchildren (4rg.ca) and Peterborough Alliance for Climate Action (PACA).