There are divisions within the renewable energy camp that may prove to be irreconcilable. The best known is the disagreement over the role of nuclear energy. There are effective advocates for continued use of nuclear energy, such as George Monbiot and James Lovelock. Critics of nuclear energy are just as effective, referring to issues such as the large costs of instalation, collateral security risks and problems of disposal of spent uranium.
So it is with fracking, a process that extracts natural gas from reserves that cannot be exploited by conventional drilling methods.
Environmentalists in favour of fracking, such as Lovelock, refer to the world’s continuing need for fossil fuels to generate electricity. GHG emissions from natural gas are well below emissions from coal and conventional oil. So fracking, which has greatly increased the supply of natural gas, enables the US to reduce its GHG emissions by phasing out use of coal in the production of electricity.